Here are 62 Glossary Of Leather Terms Industry.
There are a variety of terms in the leather industry, you should try to read and memorize to gain the knowledge and become a leather fancier.
1. Altered Leather (or Corrected grain)
The leather has been repaired by surface smoothing (grinding) or rubbing to create a new surface with less error.
The leather is colored by spraying on its surface without any coating.
3.Aniline Dye or Aniline Leather
The leather is dyed for a long time in the tank (lake) and without any coating on its surface.
It is a tanning method with the main agent to be taken from the bark.
5. Base Dyes
Leather is dyed quickly with the basic dye before coloring optionally.
The leather is tanned with crome salt, without water pressing or drying. This leather is usually light blue.
It is dyed with a brush (brush), but not penetrating into the interior of the leather.
The leather whose upper surface of the leather is removed by a planer (grinder), a cylindrical cutter with many knives or by hands.
The leather is completely tanned with crome salt to maintain its softness and natural color.
The leather is tanned with crome salt and other natural forms making it softer and more flexible.
The leather of a calf (calf) – is an immature cow.
The leather of the cow has spawned.
The leather has been tanned but not treated physically or chemically (unbleached leather).
The surface of the leather has been smoothed.
It is the process of dyeing the leather by putting it in a large rotating wooden barrel. This process makes the leather more permeable.
The leather is waved with the true pattern of animals (cowhide, crocodile, ostrich, python leathers, etc.) or decorated with heat molds
Thanks to the fat in the body to create the beauty of the leather, the natural wrinkles of the leather cannot be faked. This is also a feature to distinguish the genuine leather and the imitation leather.
18. Fat tanned
It is tanned with oil / grease, animal fats. These substances penetrate deeply into the leather and alter the collagen structure so that the leather does not decompose.
It is usually considered as the final stage of making the finished leather pieces such as spraying, polishing, coating.
Fleshes are removed from the leather by hand or slicer.
The leather retains the natural surface, and is separated from hair, without sanding or slicing.
It is the surface of the leather or consists of pores, cells, wrinkles and other properties to make the natural texture of the leather.
It is the natural grain, not undergoing other grains by tools or chemicals.
It is a natural sign on the surface of the leather.
Pores, cells, wrinkles or natural signs on the leather surface (grain)) are embossed artificially with a heat pressing machine.
26.Grain Sueded or ‘Nubuck’ leather
It is a polishing / sanding process to lift the fibers on the leather surface or to create a smooth velvet effect.
It is the process of using the hands to feel the softness, smooth from the genuine leather.
28. Hand Antiqued
It is the process of using the hands to dye the leather surface with contrasting colors to highlight the leather, and the leather will often show the original effects.
The word is called for the leather of large animals such as cows, horses, buffaloes.
They are immature large animals (cattle, buffalo, horse).
It is a common word for the leather of any animal after being tanned changing the collagen structure of the fresh leather so that it does not decompose.
The imitation leather product is imitated from the genuine leather.
It is the process of hair cleaning from the fresh leather with chemicals
34. Matte Finish
After finishing, spraying is conducted to make the more stylish and luxurious surface.
The tanned leather is place in a rotating barrel, combined with temperature and water spray to soften the leather and increase the particle density.
It is the natural “shiny” process naturally after a long time used with the main agents such as water, sweat, friction.
In the leather, this is the process of cutting small holes to mold. These holes may vary in size, density and type.
The leather is dyed.
39. Reconstructed Leather
The material consists of collagen fibers that have been reconstituted into a fibrous material.
40. Printed Leather
The leather is decorated, mainly waved, but may be made by printers.
41. Protected Leather
The leather is covered with some special chemicals that can be waterproof, scratch-resistant. This type of leather is used for sofa / car seat, book covers, saddles, etc.
The leather is dyed, soaked in wax or oil, when stretched, the color at the stretched position is lighter than surrounding positions.
43. Pure Aniline
The leather is only dyed, its surface still maintains traces and natural properties.
The full saturation of tanning, fatting, dyeing is important to create a quality leather.
45. Raw Hide
The fresh leather is not tanned, with full coat.
The leather is retanned by the previous method or other methods.
In the tanning process, this is the process of draining from the leather.
The leather color is treated by radial or non-radial dyeing, with a thin coating on its surface.
49. Shrunk (grain)
The leather is tanned and treated in a specially manner to create the grain surface and natural grooves.
The half of the left or right leather side. (The full leather is cut in midline along the back)
The leather is sliced into different thicknesses.
52. Strap Leather
This leather is heavy and suitable for industrial uses or for chairs, sofas etc.
53. Suede Split
It is suede, known as the substandard product in the slicing process, with velvety features.
It is suede, the leather remaining after the sanding process, the surface is smooth, velvet like.
The fresh leather is treated into the tanned leather, using chemicals and other agents to alter the collagen structure of the fresh leather so that it does not decompose.
56. Top Finished
The leather surface is coated with chemicals, such as polishing, coloring, waxing, waterproofing, etc.
57. Top Grain
It is the next layer of leather after slicing or sanding, in which the hair and top layer of the leather are removed.
The outer edges of the unsuitable leather are removed to maintain the aesthetics of the genuine leather.
59. Vegetable Tanned
The main ingredients are derived from nature such as essential oils, barks, leaves, flowers, fruits, etc. (pines, oaks, eucalyptuses).
60. Water-resistant (repellent leather)
Waterproof leather is due to water-repellant or soaked in oil or wax.
The weight of the leather in the western countries is Ounces, and kilograms (kg), grams (g) in Vietnam.
62. Wax (ed) (waxy) Leather
The leather tanned with Herbal or crome salt is soaked in wax, oil with a high concentration of density, typically British horse leather.
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