Here are 62 Glossary Of Leather Terms Industry.

Here are 62 Glossary Of Leather Terms Industry.

There are a variety of terms in the leather industry, you should try to  read and memorize to gain the knowledge and become a leather fancier.

1. Altered Leather (or Corrected grain)

The leather has been repaired by surface smoothing (grinding) or rubbing to create a new surface with less error.


The leather is colored by spraying on its surface without any coating.

3.Aniline Dye or Aniline Leather

The leather is dyed for a long time in the tank (lake) and without any coating on its surface.

4.Bark Tanned

It is a tanning method with the main agent to be taken from the bark.

5. Base Dyes

Leather is dyed quickly with the basic dye before coloring optionally.

6.Blue leather

The leather is tanned with crome salt, without water pressing or drying. This leather is usually light blue.

7.Brush Coloring

It is dyed with a brush (brush), but not penetrating into the interior of the leather.

8.Buffed leather

The leather whose upper surface of the leather is removed by a planer (grinder), a cylindrical cutter with many knives or by hands.

9.Chrome tanned

The leather is completely tanned with crome salt to maintain its softness and natural color.

10.Combination Tannage

The leather is tanned with crome salt and other natural forms making it softer and more flexible.


The leather of a calf (calf) – is an immature cow.

12.Cow hide

The leather of the cow has spawned.


The leather has been tanned but not treated physically or chemically (unbleached leather).

14.Degrained Leather

The surface of the leather has been smoothed.

15.Drum Dyeing

It is the process of dyeing the leather by putting it in a large rotating wooden barrel. This process makes the leather more permeable.

16.Embossed leather

The leather is waved with the true pattern of animals (cowhide, crocodile, ostrich, python leathers, etc.) or decorated with heat molds

17.Fat Wrinkle

Thanks to the fat in the body to create the beauty of the leather, the natural wrinkles of the leather cannot be faked. This is also a feature to distinguish the genuine leather and the imitation leather.

18. Fat tanned

It is tanned with oil / grease, animal fats. These substances penetrate deeply into the leather and alter the collagen structure so that the leather does not decompose.


It is usually considered as the final stage of making the finished leather pieces such as spraying, polishing, coating.


Fleshes are removed from the leather by hand or slicer.

21.Full grain

The leather retains the natural surface, and is separated from hair, without sanding or slicing.

22.Grain (leather)

It is the surface of the leather or consists of pores, cells, wrinkles and other properties to make the natural texture of the leather.

23.Natural Grain

It is the natural grain, not undergoing other grains by tools or chemicals.

24.Grain Character

It is a natural sign on the surface of the leather.

25.Grain Embossed

Pores, cells, wrinkles or natural signs on the leather surface (grain)) are embossed artificially with a heat pressing machine.

26.Grain Sueded or ‘Nubuck’ leather

It is a polishing / sanding process to lift the fibers on the leather surface or to create a smooth velvet effect.

27. Hand

It is the process of using the hands to feel the softness, smooth from the genuine leather.

28. Hand Antiqued

It is the process of using the hands to dye the leather surface with contrasting colors to highlight the leather, and the leather will often show the original effects.

29. Hide

The word is called for the leather of large animals such as cows, horses, buffaloes.

30. Kip

They are immature large animals (cattle, buffalo, horse).

31. Leather

It is a common word for the leather of any animal after being tanned changing the collagen structure of the fresh leather so that it does not decompose.

32. Leatherette

The imitation leather product is imitated from the genuine leather.

33. Liming

It is the process of hair cleaning from the fresh leather with chemicals

34. Matte Finish

After finishing, spraying is conducted to make the more stylish and luxurious surface.

35. Milling

The tanned leather is place in a rotating barrel, combined with temperature and water spray to soften the leather and increase the particle density.

36. Patina

It is the natural “shiny” process  naturally after a long time used with the main agents such as water, sweat, friction.

37. Perforated

In the leather, this is the process of cutting small holes to mold. These holes may vary in size, density and type.

38. Pigmented

The leather is dyed.

39. Reconstructed Leather

The material consists of collagen fibers that have been reconstituted into a fibrous material.

40. Printed Leather

The leather is decorated, mainly waved, but may be made by printers.

41. Protected Leather

The leather is covered with some special chemicals that can be waterproof, scratch-resistant. This type of leather is used for sofa / car seat, book covers, saddles, etc.

42. Pull-up

The leather is dyed, soaked in wax or oil, when stretched, the color at the stretched position is lighter than surrounding positions.

43. Pure Aniline

The leather is only dyed, its surface still maintains traces and natural properties.

44. Saturation

The full saturation of tanning, fatting, dyeing is important to create a quality leather.

45. Raw Hide

The fresh leather is not tanned, with full coat.

46. Retanned

The leather is retanned by the previous method or other methods.

47. Sammiering

In the tanning process, this is the process of draining from the leather.

48. Semi-aniline

The leather color is treated by radial or non-radial dyeing, with a thin coating on its surface.

49. Shrunk (grain)

The leather is tanned and treated in a specially manner to create the grain surface and natural grooves.

50. Side

The half of the left or right leather side. (The full leather is cut in midline along the back)

51. Split

The leather is sliced into different thicknesses.

52. Strap Leather

This leather is heavy and suitable for industrial uses or for chairs, sofas etc.

53. Suede Split

It is suede, known as the substandard product in the slicing process, with velvety features.

54. Suede

It is suede, the leather remaining after the sanding process, the surface is smooth, velvet like.

55. Tanning

The fresh leather is treated into the tanned leather, using chemicals and other agents to alter the collagen structure of the fresh leather so that it does not decompose.

56. Top Finished

The leather surface is coated with chemicals, such as polishing, coloring, waxing, waterproofing, etc.

57. Top Grain

It is the next layer of leather after slicing or sanding, in which the hair and top layer of the leather are removed.

58. Trim

The outer edges of the unsuitable leather are removed to maintain the aesthetics of the genuine leather.

59. Vegetable Tanned

The main ingredients are derived from nature such as essential oils, barks, leaves, flowers, fruits, etc. (pines, oaks, eucalyptuses).

60. Water-resistant (repellent leather)

Waterproof leather is due to water-repellant or soaked in oil or wax.

61. Weight

The weight of the leather in the western countries is Ounces, and kilograms (kg), grams (g) in Vietnam.

62. Wax (ed) (waxy) Leather

The leather tanned with Herbal or crome salt is soaked in wax, oil with a high concentration of density, typically British horse leather. 

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